Comparing and contrasting 2 article
The term "Puritan ? began as an insult by the traditional Anglicans to those who criticized or wished to purify the Church of England. Puritans, refer to two distinct groups: "separating ? Puritans, such as the comparing, Plymouth colonists, who believed that the Church of England was corrupt and that the true Christians must separate themselves from it; and non-separating Puritans, such as the colonists who settled the example to literature essay, Massachusetts Bay Colony, who believed in and contrasting 2 article, reform, but not separation. Example Essay! Puritans practice several beliefs. The first is their belief of predestination. They believed that belief in Jesus and participation in the sacraments could not alone affect one's salvation, because God is the comparing and contrasting 2 article, only one with that privilege. Everything that has to do with salvation is determined by God's sovereignty, along with choosing those who will be saved and those who will receive God's blessings.
The concept of the pond theme, covenant also provided a practical means of organizing churches. Since the state did not control the church, the Puritans reasoned, there must be an alternate method of establishing authority (Rohr, 62). For God's word to function freely, and for comparing 2 article each member to feel an integral part of the church's operations, each congregation must be self- sufficient, containing within itself all the offices and power necessary for self regulation. New England's official apologist, John Cotton, termed this form of church government ?Congregational', meaning that all authority would be located within particular congregations. Cotton's sermon at Salem in 1636, described the basic elements of this system in which people covenanting themselves to each other and pledging to obey the word of God might become a self-governing church (Rohr, 63).
The ultimate authority in both political and religious areas was God's word, but the commitments made to pond essay, congregation and and contrasting community through voluntary obedience to covenants ensured order and essay a functional system of
From 1309 to 1376, there was a period of time where the popes were relocated to Avignon called the Babylonian Captivity, which reformed and decreased the church's power and prestige at that time. It started when Philip the Fair of and contrasting 2 article France pressured Pope Clement V to settle and live in Avignon (in southeastern France), and due to Clements illness, he was too weak to resist the example of a to literature demand. This relocation of the and contrasting 2 article Pope not only spm descriptive essay my best friend, damaged papal prestige, but weakened the economy of Rome. The historic roots of the church had always been centered on Rome. Now with the absence of the papacy, the economy of Rome which was once based on the presence of the 2 article papal court and the rich tourist trade that papacy brought was left poverty-stricken. In 1377, Pope Gregory XI brought the friend papacy back to Rome, however when he died shortly thereafter and Roman citizens demanded an Italian pope as his successor. Unanimously, a distinguished administrator, the archbishop of Bari took power as Pope Urban VI (1378-1389). Comparing? He had excellent intentions for church reform however proposed and upheld them in the wrong manner for Roman society. His tactless manners, irrational behavior and harsh temper led to decreased popularity and major opposition towards the Pope. The Roman cardinals, suffering from use soft words and hard essay severe criticism and opposition of Pope Urban held a meeting in Anagni where they proceeded to comparing 2 article, elect Cardinal Robert of Geneva as Antipope Clement VII. This began the witch of blackbird pond essay Great Schism which until 1417 divided Western Christendom.
The conciliar movement was an effort to reform church authority from that of the papacy to general councils and representation of all Christian people. Conciliarists believed that church reform would best be achieved through periodic assemblies and general councils that gave each Christian the power to speak out in their opinion, rather than a monarchial power ma